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Is “science” the corresponding concept of its Greek progenitor, epistēmē? Traditionally, they were thought of as identical concepts. They are not, in more than one way, and the reader is called to evaluate them not based on their chronological order but on the specific systemic characteristics presented here. The crucial difference between the epistemonic (from epistēmē) method and the scientific method will also be presented. One of the main differences that will be discussed is related to logic, both as a concept and as a theory. What the authors present here is by no means a synthesis of past ideas; we do acknowledge that some similar ideas might have appeared in the past but never in the form presented here or within the system proposed in what follows. This work is not about who did not say whatever we propose or who might have some similar thoughts within some irrelevant context. All ideas here stem from original work done solely by us and the ensuing system is unique and of utmost important being also an external critique – the only truly external critique – to the institution of modern science and to the grave inconsistencies “scientists” cannot (for whatever reason) notice in it anymore.

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G. PAPAGEORGIOU, K. ., & E. LEKKAS, D. . (2022). EPISTĒMĒ VS SCIENCE. Arhe, 18(35), 279–312. https://doi.org/10.19090/arhe.2021.35.279-312


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