KA MODELU DOPRINOSEĆIH STRUČNJAKA-GENERALISTA

  • KONSTANTINOS G. PAPAGEORGIOU Univerzitet u Atini, Odsek za filozofiju, Grčka
  • DEMETRIOS E. LEKKAS Helenski otvoreni univerzitet, Studije grčke civilizacije, Grčka
Ključne reči: doprinoseća stručnost, epistēmē, nauka, otuđenje

Apstrakt

Proučavanje stručnosti fokusiralo se na pojam specijalizacije i specijalista – kako iz sociološke, tako i iz biološke perspektive. Uzimalo se zdravo za gotovo da se stručnost tiče samo specijalizacije; čak i pojedinci koji su karakterisani kao „polimati” ili homo universalis-i smatrani su stručnjacima-specijalistima u mnogim oblastima. Mogu li danas postojati stručnjaci koji bi bili specijalisti u brojnim oblastima? To je pitanje varljivo ili nevažno jer ne može prihvatiti pojam pojedinaca koji nisu ni specijalisti, niti „polispecijalisti”, već raspolažu znanjem drugačijeg stupnja: ne analitičkim, nego radije sintetičkim i apstraktnim, koje proizlazi iz opšteg sagledavanja, a ne iz posebnog iskustva. Ovde se predlaže novi tip stručnjaka: doprinoseći stručnjaci-generalisti. Njihova nužnost potiče od metodologije prave epistēmē. Biće identifikovane njihove karakteristike i o tim karakteristikama će se raspravljati, biće dati pojedini empirijski primeri, a o njihovom ekspertskom statusu raspravljaće se korišćenjem različitih teorijskih pristupa stručnosti, naime nauke o izuzetnim postignućima (SEA), studije stručnosti i iskustva (SEE), kao i naučne tehnologije i društva (STS).

Biografije autora

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Univerzitet u Atini, Odsek za filozofiju, Grčka

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Helenski otvoreni univerzitet, Studije grčke civilizacije, Grčka

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05. 12. 2020.
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