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Razvoj novih tehnologija, uvijek je pronalazio prvu primjenu u sferi ratovanja, od izuma luka i strijele, preko otkrića baruta do upotrebe bespilotnih letjelica u tvz. „ratu protiv terorizma“. Upravo je „uspješna“ upotreba bespilotnih letjelica u ciljanim ubojstvima „terorista“ dala dodatni poticaj za razvoj novih vrsta autonomnih oružja koji u potpunosti zamjenjuju vojnike od krvi i mesa na bojnom polju. Trenutno, veliku kontroverzu izazivaju potpuno autonomna oružja koja su u potpunosti autonomna u vršenju vojnih djelovanja, tj. mogu autonomno donositi odluku o primjeni smrtonosne sile protiv „neprijateljskih“ ljudskih bića. Ovakva vrsta autonomije izaziva brojne kontroverze, i to ne samo pravne već etičke. Dovodi u pitanje samu bit čovjeka, tj. da li je tzv. „ubojiti robot“ slijedeća evolucijska stepenica u razvoju ljudske vrste ili tehnološki povratak u barbarstvo. U radu ćemo analizirati neke od navedenih pravnih i etičkih dvojbi koje nas čekaju u vrlo skoroj budućnosti.
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